Sussex is nowadays divided into 2 separate counties - East
and West Sussex. East Sussex covers almost 700 square miles
and has a population of about 700,000. The administrative centre for East
Sussex is Lewes.
The county of West Sussex lies in the south east of England.
According to tradition the Saxon Ella landed here in 477, defeated the
inhabitants and founded the kingdom of the South Saxons (the origin of
the name Sussex) which was absorbed by Wessex in 825. Sussex is now
divided into 2 separate counties - East and West Sussex. West Sussex
covers an area of just under 800 square miles and has a population of
about 700,000. It's administrative headquarters is the town of
Other major towns in West Sussex include
The Weald is a natural attraction in the area and Arundel Castle and
Goodwood are among the main attractions.
The "spine" of Sussex is the South Downs, an ancient chalk ridge that
separates the Weald from the English Channel. The South Downs Way
footpath runs for 80 scenic miles from Beachy Head to Buriton in
Hampshire. Much of the Weald, once an ancient forest, is now farmland -
but some areas, such as Ashdown Forest, are still preserved in more or
less their original state. The rivers Adur, Ouse, Rother and Arun, have
cut their way through gaps in the chalk, draining into the English
The county of East Sussex in the south east of England has a special
place in the history of England. According to tradition the Saxon Ella
landed here in 477 defeated the inhabitants and founded the kingdom of
the South Saxons (the origin of the name Sussex) which was absorbed by
Wessex in 825. But it is the year 1066 which gave this area its greatest
claim to fame however when the Battle of Hastings was fought and the
Norman King William triumphed over King Harold. The site of the Battle of
Hastings is at Senlac Hill near the appropriately-named town of Battle.
The whole of this area is now known (for tourism purposes) as 1066
A 15th Century castle stands at Herstmonceux and the famous ' Long Man'
chalk hill figure is carved into the turf above Wilmington. Romney Marsh
is one of the county's famous natural features. Other famous landmarks of
East Sussex include the Greenwich Royal Observatory and the castles at
Hastings, Lewes, Pevensey and Bodiam.
Other places of note include the famous seaside resorts of
the cross-channel port of Newhaven
St. Leonards on Sea